How can I vertically center a "div" element for all browsers using CSS?

Asked 13 years ago
Viewed 1.66 k times

I want to center a div vertically with CSS. I don't want tables or JavaScript, but only pure CSS. I found some solutions, but all of them are missing Internet Explorer 6 support.

    <div>Div to be aligned vertically</div>

How can I center a div vertically in all major browsers, including Internet Explorer 6?

asked 13 years ago

Correct Answer

Below is the best all-around solution I could build to vertically and horizontally center a fixed-width, flexible height content box. It was tested and worked for recent versions of Firefox, Opera, Chrome, and Safari.

.outer {
  display: table;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  height: 100%;
  width: 100%;

.middle {
  display: table-cell;
  vertical-align: middle;

.inner {
  margin-left: auto;
  margin-right: auto;
  width: 400px;
  /* Whatever width you want */
<div class="outer">
  <div class="middle">
    <div class="inner">
      <h1>The Content</h1>
      <p>Once upon a midnight dreary...</p>

View A Working Example With Dynamic Content

I built in some dynamic content to test the flexibility and would love to know if anyone sees any problems with it. It should work well for centered overlays also -- lightbox, pop-up, etc.

answered 8 months ago

Other Answer

The simplest way would be the following three lines of CSS:

1) position: relative;

2) top: 50%;

3) transform: translateY(-50%);

Following is an example:

div.outer-div {
  height: 170px;
  width: 300px;
  background-color: lightgray;

div.middle-div {
  position: relative;
  top: 50%;
  -webkit-transform: translateY(-50%);
  -ms-transform: translateY(-50%);
  transform: translateY(-50%);
<div class='outer-div'>
  <div class='middle-div'>
    Test text
answered 13 years ago